The numerous hygiene issues and the fact that the majority of the fields lack water for weeks led to the implementation of a water supply project. The question stemmed in : Is Mt. Kilimanjaro running out of water?. In October 2011,two Dutch hydrologists visited Mdawi to investigate the matter; a report was generated and shared with the Ministry. The findings showed that water supply is sufficient and clean, there is excessive use at higher altitude and there is war on the water pipelines. Their solution was to use meters to mediate this.
In Mdawi there is a shortage of safe drinking water. The water is taken from different springs and led into the water pipe line. The people do not receive enough water, especially in the lower areas of Mdawi. This problem is most urgent during dry seasons. We strive to find a solution for this. To explore the possibilities for the drinking water supply we have requested SamSamWater Foundation to work together with us in order to improve the water supply of the area.
As part of the project a short mission was conduced by Sander de Haas and Lucas Borst of SamSamWater Foundation. The objectives of the mission were:
– Establish insight in the existing water system (quantity, quality, distribution system)
– Shortlist options for water supply with pros and cons (based on water availability, water quality, costs, etc)
– Make a recommendation for the best option to improve the water supply of Mdawi (in cooperation with the community
The water problem in Mdawi is mainly a distribution and equity problem. There is more than enough water to supply everyone for their domestic use. But since people in the higher part of the village use more water, the lower parts of the village only have water some days of the week. Adding additional sources (such as springs or boreholes) to the current system isn’t going to help the people in the lower parts of the village. The people in the higher parts will use up all of the extra available water, so no additional water will benefit the people who currently face the greatest water shortages.
In order to solve this problem, there is only one solution; better water discipline. If people in the upper areas use a little less water (i.e more efficient irrigation or less spilling water), the people in the lower areas will have more water available.
This can be achieved by either trying to get better water discipline voluntarily (using education) or by installing water meters. Reducing the water use without meters will be difficult to achieve.
There is a complete plan for the improvement of the water supply of the whole Moshi Rural district, which includes a full plan to rehabilitate and improve the water supply of Mdawi village including the installation of water meters. The implementation of this plan is scheduled for 2015-2020, but it is expected there will be a delay. The total expected costs of this project are about TSh 2 billion ( 1 million euros) just for the Mdawi area . Since there is already an integrated plan for the whole district including Mdawi, the foundation will stick to it. The main issue is that the expected start of the project will take a number of years. To overcome that periodic measures can be taken to improve the water supply without high investment costs.